fired clay (Scope note)

In this thesaurus, the term 'clay' refers to the raw material. If deliberately heated, whether in a fire or a kiln, etc. but not sun dried, the Preferred term in Materials is ‘fired clay’, with ‘baked clay’ a Non-Preferred Term, as it was frequently used historically. No Technique term is entered. Generally speaking, 'fired clay' should not be used for vessels, use 'pottery' or another term such as 'stoneware'. 'Fired clay' is used for other types of objects such as figurines. If the clay is sun-dried, enter Material 'clay' and Technique 'sun-dried' and 'sun-dried clay' in the Description. N.B. In some cases, the term 'fired clay' has been used interchangeably with 'terracotta' and 'earthenware'. In the Department of Ancient Egypt and Sudan, the terms ‘mud’ and ‘clay’ have been used interchangeably in Materials for unfired objects such as bricks. figurines, and vessels.