Akkadian (Scope note)

The first king of the Akkadian Dynasty (Sargon I) united the whole of Mesopotamia under one ruler. Sargon and his descendants ruled from 2334 BC until around 2190 BC when the empire collapsed owing to invasion and rebellion. Akkadian is also a language spoken from around 2600 BC until the 1st and 2nd centuries AD. Within that period texts written between 2600 BC-2000 BC use the Old Akkadian language. The language then developed into Babylonian (2000 BC onwards) and Assyrian (2000 BC-600 BC) forms.