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 Guide to the collection

Tomb groups and contexts

Guide to the collection III


Registration numbers

The following is a list of registration numbers by which the
Kourion collection is ordered in the British Museum collection.

1876,9-9.74: An early acquisition from Kourion purchased from Cesnola, who dug here in 1874–5

1884,12-10.329–330: Two items found by Ohnefalsch-Richter in 1883–4 during excavations conducted at Kourion on behalf of private clients

1889,11-11.1: Cornelian scaraboid with engraved design purchased from collector William Ready (excavated by Luigi Palma di Cesnola) said to been found close to the acropolis at Kourion

1896,2-1.1–400. The bulk of the objects from the Turner Bequest expedition and the largest single group of material from Kourion. Most are assigned tomb numbers where the information was available at the time of registration, though some objects are attributed to a part of the site or simply to Kourion. Some items are no longer traceable in the museum collection, having been lost or subsequently reregistered without their original provenance recorded.

1906,3-12.2–3: Pair of Roman earrings purchased from Percy Christian, possibly the result of his association with the Turner Bequest excavations in 1895 or else from his partnership with J.W. Williamson who excavated here in 1883

1897,3-16.1: Roman gold necklace inset with garnets said to have been found in the Sanctuary of Apollo Hylates north of the acropolis and purchased from Percy Christian in this year

1906,3-12.2–3: Pair of Roman earrings from the Episkopi area purchased from Percy Christian, possibly the result of his association with the Turner Bequest excavations in 1895 or else from his partnership with J.W. Williamson who excavated here in 1883

1917,5-1.294–295, 696, 2073: Jewellery, said to have a Kourion provenance, bequeathed by Augustus Wollaston Franks, several items of which had previously belong to Rev. Greville Chester

1920,12-20.1: A bronze ajouré stand acquired from P. Paulides and said to come from Episkopi village near the site of ancient Kourion

1924,11-13.1: Chlorite mould for making jewellery of a Late Minoan I type, said to come from Kourion and purchased from Percy Christian in this year

1926,3-24.1: Terracotta dipper from the Turner Bequest Excavations, found unregistered in this year

1934,11-4.1–2: Two Red-on-White sherds from P. Dikaios’ excavations at Erimi-Pamboules, donated by the excavator

1958,12-20.1–2: Two prehistoric vessels from Sotira and Erimi respectively, donated by the Department of Antiquities of Cyprus

1959,2-14.13: Sealstone in a gold setting bequeathed by Marie Francis Talbot Ready. Masson identified this as one of the gems offered to the museum between 1906 and 1908 by Limassol merchant, collector and antiquarian Kleanthes Pierides (Masson 1995)

1960,7-20.1–2: Two Chalcolithic Red-on-White sherds donated by P.A. Bradley in 1960, possibly from Erimi
1964,12-1.982: Stone whetstone, said to be from Erimi, donated by the Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine

1972,1-18.1: Marble head from a statue of a goddess or votary of early Hellenistic date discovered at Site C (Temple Site) by the Turner Bequest in 1895. It was not registered with the main Kourion sequence in 1896 and became separated from its original findspot. The sculpture was identified in 2009 among a group of marble heads from Ephesos by Dr Peter Higgs of the Department of Greece and Rome, based on the description provided in the original publication.

1980,10-1.1–210 (Lamps)
1982,7-29.283–445 (except .440 from Gastria) (Pottery and miscellanea)
Lamps, pottery and other objects (beads, spindle whorls and miscellanea) specifically attributed to Kourion, from the Hake-Kitchener excavations in 1882 for the then South Kensington Museum. These were transferred from the Victoria & Albert Museum between 1980 and 1982. Items in the remainder of the sequence in the GR registers, numbered 1982,7-29.446–596, cannot be assigned a provenance more specific than Kourion, Gastria, and Salamis and are omitted here. The latter will be included in future chapters of this Catalogue. 

1991,12-11.1– 35: Silver pendants from Tomb 73 (Site B) of the Turner Bequest expedition, which were identified in a pile of scrap material in 1991 and re-registered after conservation

2009,5001.2–3: Two bronze rings identified as coming from Site A in the course of the Cyprus Digitisation Project

2010,5001.1: Chlorite model of a bathtub excavated by G. Hake for the then South Kensington Museum in 1882 (see 1982,7-29.283ff for the main sequence of this material)

A small number of objects from Kourion registered in 1896 are no longer identifiable in the British Museum collections. Some may have been lost because of physical decay of delicate materials before the development of modern conservation science. Most of the others have lost their association with the original site records because they no longer have registration numbers written on them. They are difficult to identify because most are of fairly common types, such as pieces of gold leaf or stone beads. Some will have been re-registered in later years and are no longer identifiable as coming from Kourion.

It is hoped that most of these anomalies will be resolved when the Cyprus Digitisation Project is complete. These objects are included in this catalogue to provide as full a record as possible of the original tomb groups and other associations recorded by the original excavators in 1895. The items are listed here in registration order with their original tomb number, where this is known. Please see the main Guide to the Tombs section for further information on the original findspots of these items.

1896,2-1.59: Stone tube (Tomb 99); 1896,2-1.86: stone bead (Tomb 75); 1896,2-1.124: Green stone gem (Tomb 63); 1896,2-1. 126: Piece of gold leaf (Tomb 65); 1896,2-1. 169-173: Frags of gold leaf (Tomb 77); 1896,2-1.252: Ivory disc (Tomb 50); 1896,2-1.269: Gold earring (Uncertain tomb); 1896,2-1.271: Gold earring with lion or griffin terminal (Tomb 69); 1896,2-1.273-276: Frags of gold leaf (Tomb 65 or 69); 1896,2-1.278-282: Gold capped studs (Tomb 102); 1896,2-1.301: Silver mastos cup (Tomb 83); 1896,2-1.378: ‘Vase of red ware’ (Uncertain tomb); 1896,2-1.389: Mycenaean pithoid jar (BM Vase C439) (Tomb 30); 1896,2-1.390: Mycenaean pithoid jar (BM Vase C438) (Tomb 101).