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Later Excavations and studies

The site of Klavdia was later surveyed by Hector Catling in 1952. He recorded the remains of tombs and traces of settlement activity, including a building of LBA date; some of his discoveries are now in the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford.[1]   Additional material found on the surface over the years by the Department of Antiquities or by visiting archaeologists is now preserved in the Cyprus Museum and Cyprus Survey or Göteborg University. As noted above, tombs of the Cypro-Archaic period have also been found in and around the modern village.

The site of Arpera was explored in 1914 and 1915 by Menelaos Markides, Curator of the Cyprus Museum, who identified archaeological material in three areas (named A to C). He also discovered settlement remains of LBA date, which were also inspected by Hector Catling in the 1950s during his work for the Cyprus Survey.[2]  The site was restudied in the late 1990s by the Larnaka Hinterland Project led by Dr Albert Leonard, which elucidated many details of the layout and chronology of the extensive site described by Welch.[3]  The two churches mentioned by Welch are those of Agios Georgios east of the chiftlik and the chapel of Agios Andronikos approximately 700m to the south.

The British Museum did not publish a comprehensive report on their excavations at Klavdia. The volume Excavations in Cyprus, which appeared in 1900, was restricted to the discoveries of the Turner Bequest expedition of 1893–6, not the subsequent work funded directly by the Museum. Many of the finer objects were published in various British Museum catalogues between 1899 and 1981, while the pottery was included in the relevant volume of the Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum.

Subsequent scholars have included material in various monographs and studies, such as Furumark in his Mycenaean Pottery (1941), the Åströms in their synthetic volumes of the Swedish Cyprus Expedition (SCE IV/1 B, C and D: see also the tomb index in the latter volume listing material from Tombs 12, 15, 29 and 31) and Vermeule and Karageorghis’ Mycenaean Pictorial Vase Painting (1982).

Paul Åström also discussed some items from the British Museum excavations at Klavdia, now in the Cyprus Museum, in his study of material from Hala Sultan Tekke, noting that the origins of some objects from the two sites have been mixed up over the years. This confusion cannot now be resolved, in some cases, given the similarity in type and date of the deposits explored.[4]  The most comprehensive study to date is a doctoral thesis completed by Malmgren for the University of Göteborg, Sweden and published as a monograph in 2003 (Malmgren 2003). Several objects from the British Museum collection omitted from this study are included in the present chapter, which updates some of the details in the Malmgren volume.


  • ^ [1] - Catling 1962, 164, LC site 122; MC site 89; EC site 68. Cf. Malmgren 2003, cat. nos 201–26.
  • ^ [2] - Markides 1914; 1915; Catling 1962, LC sites 12–13; MC site no. 7A; Merrillees 1974.
  • ^ [3] - Leonard 2000, 122–31.
  • ^ [4] - Åström 1976, 35–60 passim.