The BP exhibition
Ming: 50 years that changed China

18 September 2014 – 5 January 2015
The Sainsbury Exhibitions Gallery

This autumn the British Museum will stage a major exhibition in the new Sainsbury Exhibitions Gallery on a golden age in China’s history supported by BP.

The exhibition will explore the years 1400 – 1450, a pivotal 50 year period that transformed China during the rule of the Ming dynasty. Bureaucrats replace military leaders in the hierarchy of power, the emperor’s role changes from autocrat to icon, and the decision is taken to centralise, rather than devolve, power. The exhibition will include rare loans of some of the finest objects ever made in China, shedding light on this important part of world history that is little known in Europe. China’s internal transformation and connections with the rest of the world led to a flourishing of creativity from what was, at the time, the only global superpower.

This period for China was a time of extraordinary engagement with the world and of fascinating cultural diversity. The admiral Zheng He opened up China’s maritime history, sending treasure ships to Southeast Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. China enjoyed a period of unprecedented global contacts from Kyoto to Mogadishu through trade and diplomacy, evidenced through gifts of gold, silver, paintings, porcelains, weapons, costume and furniture. This is the first exhibition to explore the great social and cultural changes in China that established Beijing as a capital city and the building of the Forbidden City - still the national emblem on coins and military uniforms today. As well as the imperial court, the exhibition focuses on finds from three regional princely tombs: in Sichuan, Shandong and Hubei covering southwest, northeast and central China. Four emperors ruled China in this period. The exhibition will include the sword of the Yongle Emperor, “the warrior”; the handwriting of the Hongxi emperor, “the bureaucrat”; the paintings of the Xuande emperor, “the aesthete”; and portraits of the officials who ruled while the Zhengtong emperor was a boy. There will also be costumes of the princes, their gold and jewellery, and furniture. The exhibition covers court life, the military, culture, beliefs, trade and diplomacy.

During this 50 year period there was unprecedented contact with the world beyond the Ming Empire, through embassies, an assertive military policy, and court-sponsored maritime expeditions. Early Ming imperial courts enjoyed an unparalleled range of contacts with other Asian rulers: the Timurids in Iran and Central Asia; the Ashikaga in Japan and Joseon Korea. Contacts extended to Bengal, Sri Lanka, Africa, and even to Mecca at the heart of the Islamic world. The exhibition aims to replace older histories of China that over-emphasise contact with Europe after 1500 by highlighting complex and longer-lasting intra-Asian connections that played a key role in the formation of the Chinese state, society and culture. At the same time, the exhibition will explore the diversity within the Ming Empire itself, and the idea that it is multiple courts, and not one single, monolithic, imperial court, that are important in this period. Here, the recent spectacular gains of archaeology, in revealing the culture of the regional princely courts of the early Ming, enable art and material culture to significantly alter our view of the period.

The exhibition is part of a wider research project in association with the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) which seeks to provide a new perspective on a period of crucial importance to China and the wider world, a history that for the first time fully integrates the evidence of material culture with the enormous textual record. The early Ming period defines contemporary Chinese conceptions of their own history, and China’s relations to the rest of the world.

Neil MacGregor, Director of the British Museum said "the political, social and cultural changes to China during the first half of the 15th century make this a remarkable story which is only now being fully understood. New discoveries and research have led to a new perspective on this significant period that moves away from a Euro-centric view of China’s history. Temporary exhibitions of this nature are only possible thanks to external support so I am hugely grateful to BP for their longstanding and on-going commitment to the British Museum."

"BP is extremely pleased to support Ming: 50 years that changed China, the second BP exhibition of the new five year partnership with the British Museum. BP has had operations in China for more than 30 years and our activities there are a vital component of BP’s global portfolio. Our support for this exhibition is part of BP’s wider contribution to UK life, enabling people to connect through cultural activities. We are delighted to help bring this major exhibition to the British Museum." Peter J Mather, Group Regional Vice President, Europe and Head of Country, UK, BP.

Supported by BP

This summer the National Museum of Scotland in Edinburgh is hosting the only UK showing of the internationally significant exhibition, Ming: The Golden Empire. Featuring Chinese National Treasures, the exhibition explores this remarkable dynasty of 276 years, the world’s largest, wealthiest and most populated empire. A collection of stunning Ming artefacts on loan from Nanjing Museum will be complemented by a choice selection from National Museums Scotland’s world-class Ming collection. Society changed dramatically during the Ming, as a once agrarian economy transformed itself into a booming commercial economy. The exhibition examines imperial power, the Ming elite, and international trading relationships as they developed over the period. It also sheds light on developing tastes and aesthetics, as an increasingly wealthy society led to greater demand for luxury and craft objects, including decorated porcelain. From 27 June to 19 October 2014.

Notes to editors

Admission charge £16.50 plus a range of concessions. Tickets can be booked online at or 020 7323 8181.

Opening hours 10.00–17.30 Saturday to Thursday and 10.00–20.30 Fridays.

Follow updates on the exhibition via Twitter with #Ming50Years and follow the Museum on Twitter @britishmuseum

The beautifully illustrated exhibition catalogue Ming: 50 years that changed China, edited by Professor Craig Clunas and Jessica Harrison-Hall will be published in September 2014 by British Museum Press. Hardback £40, paperback £25. A gift book, Ming: art, people and places by Jessica Harrison-Hall, is also available from September 2014. Paperback, £9.99.


Ming: courts and contacts 1400–1450

9 October – 11 October 2014
BP Lecture Theatre
Tickets £45, Members/Concessions £35

This conference will look at the roles of imperial and princely courts in China in the years 1400 to 1450 and how China interacted with the wider world. Over 30 international scholars will explore a wide range of topics, including art and material culture, the military and government, maritime trade and diplomacy, and beliefs and cross-cultural exchanges. The conference is held in conjunction with the BP exhibition Ming: 50 years that changed China. Research and conference supported by BP, the Arts and Humanities Research Council, the Sir Percival David Foundation, Mr Eskenazi, John Fell Fund, and the James P Geiss Foundation.

Half-term activity

Magnificent Ming China

Wednesday 29 October, 11.00–16.00
Great Court
Free, just drop in


Ming Late: courtly pleasures

Friday 14 November, 18.00–21.00
Great Court
Free, just drop in

BM/PM takes place every second Friday of the month. Relax at the bar and catch performances taking a fresh look at the collection. Experience the pleasures of the early Ming court in this evening of performance, demonstrations, talks and workshops. Catch a set of Kunqu opera from The Peony Pavilion, meet China’s first giraffe on the 600th anniversary of its arrival at the imperial court, join a qigong demonstration, listen to zither performances and practice the art of calligraphy among other courtly delights!

A full public programme accompanies the exhibition. More information is available from the press office.

Spotlight tour

Made in China: an imperial Ming vase

Four venue Spotlight tour of an iconic blue and white Ming vase. This is in celebration of Chinese collections across the UK, exploring the impact that the Ming dynasty has had on the arts in China and across the world. Developed to run alongside the BP exhibition: Ming: 50 years that changed China at the British Museum, opening in September 2014.

Supported by BP

The Burrell Collection, Glasgow
12 April – 6 July 2014

Weston Park Museum, Sheffield
12 July – 5 October 2014

Bristol Museum and Art Gallery
11 October 2014 – 4 January 2015

The Willis Museum, Hampshire County Council Arts and Museums Service
10 January – 4 April 2015

National Museums of Scotland

  • The National Museum of Scotland reopened in summer 2011 following a three-year, £50m redevelopment. With over 5 million visitors since reopening, the National Museum of Scotland is the most popular attraction in the country outside of London according to ALVA figures. It was also voted the number one museum in the UK in TripAdvisor’s inaugural Travellers’ Choice Awards.
  • Ming: The Golden Empire is supported by Baillie Gifford Investment Managers.
  • For further information on Ming: The Golden Empire please contact Louise McKenzie or Susan Gray, National Museums Scotland Press Office, or 0131 247 4288,

BP support for UK Arts & Culture

As a major international company based in the UK, BP is delighted to support the British Museum, an institution with global reputation for excellence. We are a major supporter of UK arts with a programme that spans over 35 years, during which time millions of people have engaged with BP-sponsored activities.

BP’s investment of almost £10 million in extending its long term partnerships with the British Museum, the National Portrait Gallery, the Royal Opera House and Tate Britain until 2017, represents one of the most significant long-term corporate investments in UK arts and culture.

BP’s support for the British Museum began in 1996. Since then the company has partnered with the museum on a diverse range of initiatives including the creation of the BP Lecture Theatre in the Great Court and international adventures such as the incredibly successful Mummy Exhibition in Mumbai, which attracted an audience of over 300,000 including over 65,000 school children.

In recent years BP has supported a number of Chinese-related activities with the museum, including the Chinese New Year celebrations in 2009 which attracted an unprecedented 35,602 visitors to the Museum in one day and also the highly successful UK touring exhibition China: Journey to the East which was seen by over 450,000 visitors between 2009-2012, making it the most successful British Museum UK touring exhibition to date.

Today BP focuses its support on the museum’s special exhibitions programme.

Further information

For further information please contact the Press Office on 020 7323 8583 / 8394 or

High resolution images and caption sheet available at

For public information please print or 020 7323 8181