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mummy-case / cartonnage / human mummy

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    EA21810

  • Description

    Mummy of a Greek youth, aged 19-21, named Artemidorus in a cartonnage body-case with mythological decoration in gold leaf and an encaustic on limewood portrait-panel covering the face and inscription on the chest. There is an inscription in Greek on the mummy-case.
    Skull - there is an extensive stellate fracture of the vault of the skull which may be ante mortem. All teeth appear to be present. The cervical spine is obscured by the mandible and packing material which is present in the neck and shoulder region. Thorax and Abdomen - These cavities appear to be filled with some sandy material. The dorsal spine is in disorder; all the ribs have been dislocated at their costo-vertebral junctions, but not fractured. The lumbar spine appears intact, but the intervertebral discs are opaque. There is bilateral sacrilisation of the 5th lumbar vertebra. The iliac epiphyses have by no means closed, hence the estimate of age. Arms - Extended. Hands with extended fingers in the pubic area. Legs - Menisci opaque. No fractures, dislocations, or lines of arrested growth.

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  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 2ndC(early)
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 171 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Position

        chest
      • Inscription Language

        Greek
      • Inscription Transliteration

        APTEMIΔѠPE EYΨYXI
      • Inscription Translation

        O Artemidorus, Farewell
      • Inscription Comment

        Painted in one line.
  • Curator's comments

    Bibliography:
    S. Walker and M. Bierbrier, 'Fayum. Misteriosi volti dall'Egitto' (London, 1997), pp. 80-81 [52];
    Green in W. V. Davies (ed.), 'Colour and painting in ancient Egypt' (London, 2001), p. 46, col. pl. 10 [3];
    W. M. F. Petrie, 'Hawara, Biahmu and Arsinoe' (London, 1889), p. 18;
    W. M. F. Petrie, 'Seventy years in archaeology' (London, 1931), p. 84.
    J M Filer, 'Revealing the face of Artemidorus', Minerva 9/4 (July/August 1998), 21-24;
    N. Strudwick, Masterpieces of Ancient Egypt, London 2006, pp. 304-5.

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  • Bibliography

    • Andrews 1990 186 bibliographic details
    • Walker & Bierbrier 1997 32 bibliographic details
    • Dawson & Gray 1968 66 bibliographic details
    • Shaw & Nicholson 1995 p121 bibliographic details
    • Strudwick 2006 pp.304-305 bibliographic details
  • Location

    On display: G62/dc22

  • Exhibition history

    Exhibited: 1997 22 Oct-1998 30 Apr, Italy, Rome, Fondaione Memmo, Ancient Faces

  • Condition

    good

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1888

  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number

    EA21810

  • Registration number

    1888,0806.8

Mummy of Artemidorus in a cartonnage body-case with mythological decoration in gold leaf and an encaustic on limewood portrait-panel covering the face and inscription on the chest - "Artemidorus, farewell".  Skull - there is an extensive stellate fracture of the vault of the skull which may be ante mortem. All teeth appear to be present. The cervical spine is obscured by the mandible and packing material which is present in the neck and shoulder region.  Thorax and Abdomen - These cavities appear to be filled with some sandy material. The dorsal spine is in disorder; all the ribs have been dislocated at their costo-vertebral junctions, but not fractured. The lumbar spine appears intact, but the intervertebral discs are opaque. There is bilateral sacrilisation of the 5th lumbar vertebra. The iliac epiphyses have by no means closed, hence the estimate of age.  Arms - Extended. Hands with extended fingers in the pubic area.  Legs - Menisci opaque. No fractures, dislocations, or lines of arrested growth.

Mummy of Artemidorus in a cartonnage body-case with mythological decoration in gold leaf and an encaustic on limewood portrait-panel covering the face and inscription on the chest - "Artemidorus, farewell". Skull - there is an extensive stellate fracture of the vault of the skull which may be ante mortem. All teeth appear to be present. The cervical spine is obscured by the mandible and packing material which is present in the neck and shoulder region. Thorax and Abdomen - These cavities appear to be filled with some sandy material. The dorsal spine is in disorder; all the ribs have been dislocated at their costo-vertebral junctions, but not fractured. The lumbar spine appears intact, but the intervertebral discs are opaque. There is bilateral sacrilisation of the 5th lumbar vertebra. The iliac epiphyses have by no means closed, hence the estimate of age. Arms - Extended. Hands with extended fingers in the pubic area. Legs - Menisci opaque. No fractures, dislocations, or lines of arrested growth.

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Object reference number: YCA5538

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